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Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2018-158
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-2018-158
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 19 Nov 2018

Research article | 19 Nov 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Climate of the Past (CP).

Multi-decadal climate variability in southern Iberia during the mid- to late-Holocene

Julien Schirrmacher1,2, Mara Weinelt1, Thomas Blanz3, Nils Andersen2, Emilia Salgueiro4, and Ralph R. Schneider1,2,3 Julien Schirrmacher et al.
  • 1CRC 1266, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 24118, Germany
  • 2Leibniz-Labora tory for Radiometric Dating and Stable Isotope Research, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 24118, Germany
  • 3Department of Geosciences, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, 24118, Germany
  • 4Div. Geologica e Georecursos Marinhos, Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera (IPMA), Lisbon, 1749-077, Portugal

Abstract. To assess the regional multi-decadal to multi-centennial climate variability at the southern Iberian Peninsula during the mid- to late- Holocene transition multi-proxy records of two marine sediment cores were established for two sites in the Alboran Sea (ODP-161-976A) and the Gulf of Cadiz (GeoB5901-2). High-resolution records of organic geochemical proxies and planktic foraminiferal assemblages are used to decipher precipitation and vegetation changes as well as the sea surface conditions with respect to Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and marine primary productivity (MPP). n-Alkane records as a proxy for precipitation changes suggest a series of six distinct drought events at 5.4kaBP, from ca. 5.1kaBP to 4.9kaBP, from 4.8 to 4.7kaBP, at 4.6ka BP, from 4.4 to 4.3kaBP and, from 3.8 to 3.7kaBP. Each drought event is associated with a major vegetation change towards higher proportions of C4 vegetation. The drought events are further accompanied by annual and spring/ winter SST warming as well as decreasing MPP in the Alboran Sea. Altogether, the close correlation of the observed droughts with North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)-like variability suggests changes in the atmospheric circulation as important driving mechanism of terrestrial and oceanic variability at southern Iberia and the Alboran Sea, respectively. Sea surface variability in the Gulf of Cadiz, instead, is intimately linked to the North Atlantic Bond Events. In particular, during Bond Events 3 and 4 a pronounced increase in seasonality is found.

Julien Schirrmacher et al.
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Julien Schirrmacher et al.
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