Eliminating the "divergence problem" at Alaska's northern treeline
M. Wilmking and J. Singh
Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology, Grimmer Strasse 88, Greifswald University, 17487 Greifswald, Germany
Received: 03 Jun 2008 – Discussion started: 11 Jun 2008
Abstract. Recently, an increasing off-set between tree-ring based temperature reconstructions and measured temperatures at high latitudes has been reported, the so called "divergence problem" (here "divergence effect"). This "divergence effect" seriously questions the validity of tree-ring based climate reconstructions, since it seems to violate the assumption of a stable response of trees to changing climate over time. In this study we eliminated the "divergence effect" in northern Alaska by careful selection of individual trees with consistently significant positive relationships with climate (17% of sample) and successfully attempted a divergence-free climate reconstruction using this sub-set. However, the majority of trees (83%) did not adhere to the uniformitarian principle as usually applied in dendroclimatology. Our results thus support the notion, that factors acting on an individual tree basis are the primary causes for the "divergence effect" (at least in northern Alaska). Neither different detrending methods nor factors acting on larger scales such as global dimming or an increase in UV-B radiation could explain our results. Our results also highlight the necessity to adapt the methods of paleoreconstruction using tree rings to account for non-stable climate growth relationships as these are found in the vast majority of sampled trees and seem to be the norm rather than the exception.
Wilmking, M. and Singh, J.: Eliminating the "divergence problem" at Alaska's northern treeline, Clim. Past Discuss., 4, 741-759, doi:10.5194/cpd-4-741-2008, 2008.