Journal cover Journal topic
Climate of the Past An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
doi:10.5194/cpd-11-1519-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
30 Apr 2015
Review status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Climate of the Past (CP). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.
The historic reality of the cyclonic variability in French Antilles, 1635–2007
E. Garnier1, J. Desarthe2, and D. Moncoulon2 1LIENSs, UMR CNRS-University of La Rochelle 17 000 La Rochelle, France
2Caisse Centrale de Réassurance, 157 boulevard Haussmann 75 008, France
Abstract. Facing climate change and increasing costs of natural disasters, the exposure evolution analysis requires having a long-term knowledge of the impacts of extreme events. By associating historical and modeling approaches, we aim to build a long term chronology of natural disaster severity and damages. To highlight this new methodology, the overseas departments of French Antilles have been chosen. These territories are strongly exposed to natural disasters, particularly hurricanes. The search with historical archives made it possible to reconstruct, for the first time, the chronology and severity of hurricanes since the 17th century. During the 20th century, a significative increase in the number of cyclones has occurred after the 1950s. The analysis of a longer historical period (since the 1630s) allows us to temperate this idea by showing intensive cyclonic period in the past centuries.

Citation: Garnier, E., Desarthe, J., and Moncoulon, D.: The historic reality of the cyclonic variability in French Antilles, 1635–2007, Clim. Past Discuss., 11, 1519-1550, doi:10.5194/cpd-11-1519-2015, 2015.
E. Garnier et al.
E. Garnier et al.

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Short summary
Facing climate change and increasing costs of natural disasters, the exposure analysis requires having a long-term knowledge of the impacts of extreme events. The research based on historical archives made it possible to reconstruct, for the first time, the chronology and severity of hurricanes in the French Antilles since the 17th century. The analysis of a historical period highlights the variability of cyclonic activity and the interest of pluridisciplinary scientific perspectives.
Facing climate change and increasing costs of natural disasters, the exposure analysis requires...
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