Interhemispheric bias in earth's climate response to orbital forcing
R. Roychowdhury and R. M. DeConto
Department of Geoscience, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA
Received: 17 Oct 2015 – Accepted for review: 08 Dec 2015 – Discussion started: 15 Jan 2016
Abstract. The climate response to orbital forcing shows a distinct hemispheric asymmetry due to the unequal distribution of land in the Northern vs. Southern hemispheres. This asymmetry is examined using a Global Climate Model (GCM) and a Land Hemispheric Bias (LHB) is quantified for each hemisphere. The results show how changes in obliquity and precession translate into variations in the calculated LHB. We find that the global climate response to specific past orbits is likely unique and modified by complex climate-ocean-cryosphere interactions that remain poorly known and difficult to model. Nonetheless, these results provide a baseline for interpreting contemporaneous proxy climate data spanning a broad range of latitudes, which maybe especially useful in paleoclimate data-model comparisons, and individual time-continuous records exhibiting orbital cyclicity.
Roychowdhury, R. and DeConto, R. M.: Interhemispheric bias in earth's climate response to orbital forcing, Clim. Past Discuss., doi:10.5194/cp-2015-156, 2016.